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IRUŅA-VELEIA. A City and its communications network.

One of the main reasons for the existence of this enclave is its location by the main land route in the North of the Peninsula, the "De Hispania in Aequitania ab Asturica Burdigalam" (From Astorga to Bordeaux) Roman road.


An urban centre dynamicing its surrounding area.


Archaeological research has established, in the case of the territory of Alava, the existence of almost a hundred and fifty places in which the presence of remains dating back to the Early Imperial Roman period has been detected. Of these, over 80 are settlements of all types, the city of Veleia being of special note.

The late Roman period meant even a greater preponderance of Veleia. Over 70 settlements of this period are known and the building of the city wall dates from this time.

The main import and redistribution centre of the Basque Country and in its hinterland in the Roman era.


Thanks to its position and entity, the widest variety of goods would reach Veleia, originating both from the surrounding region and from much further away. Ranging from perishable goods (oil, wine, salted foods, seafood, etc.) to building materials (from the ubiquitous "marble" of Ereņo in Vizcaya to other marble veneers from Tarraconensis, the north of Africa and Italy) and all kind of wares (Spanish Samian ware from the workshops of la Rioja, Gallic from Montans and La Graufesenque; late Spanish Samian ware from the area of Najerilla and the Meseta, African and late Gallic; common regional ones of all type together with Italian and African imports; regional, African and Rhineland glassware). Alongside with these, we have found professional instruments, revealing the presence of specialists in the city, and dress accessories, a reflection of a whole world of cultural relations.


All these factors have made the IRUŅA-VELEIA III. Millenium project worthy of the cultural attention of the society Eusko Tren (Eusko Trenbideak-Ferrocarriles Vascos S.A.) which has just approved its Eusko Tren XXI Strategic Plan as a business strategy to face up new transport routes in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, including the renewal of the new railway network on a Trans-European level. Thus, by way of an additional initiative to their invests in infrastructures and with a long tradition in the cultural field (the Railway Museum of the Basque Country in Azpeitia), Eusko Tren will be financing the project in this archaeological site for a decade.
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